Canada has inherited the oldest continuous. constitutional tradition in the world
Canada is the only constitutional monarchy in North America
Our institutions uphold a commitment to Peace, Order, and Good Government, a key phrase in Canada’s original constitutional document in 18677, the British North America Act.
Canada has three founding peoples—Aboriginal, French and British.
From the 1800s until the 1980s, the federal government placed many Aboriginal children in residential schools to educate and assimilate them into mainstream Canadian culture. The schools were poorly funded and inflicted hardship on the students; some were physically abused. Aboriginal languages and cultural practices were mostly prohibited. In 2008, Ottawa formally apologized to the former students.
Today, the term Aboriginal peoples refers to three distinct groups:
Indian refers to all Aboriginal people who are not Inuit or Métis. In the 1970s, the term First Nations began to be used. Today, about half of First Nations people live on reserve land in about 600 communities while the other half live off-reserve, mainly in urban centres.
The Inuit, which means “the people” in the Inuktitut language, live in small, scattered communities across the Arctic. Their knowledge of the land, sea and wildlife enabled them to adapt to one of the harshest environments on earth.
The Métis mixed Aboriginal and European ancestry, the majority of whom live in the Prairie provinces. They come from both French- and English-speaking backgrounds and speak their own dialect, Michif.
About 65% of the Aboriginal people are First Nations, while 30% are Métis and 4% Inuit.
the majority of Francophones live in the province of Quebec, one million Francophones live in Ontario, New Brunswick and Manitoba, with a smaller presence in other provinces.
New Brunswick is the only officially bilingual province.
During the war between Britain and France, more than two-thirds of the Acadians were deported from their homeland. , known as the “Great Upheaval”.